Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
These words in Aramaic are a reference to Psalm 22. If you read the entire Psalm you will see the events in David’s life being played out in the life of the Savior. While David is writing about what has happened to him, it is prophetic of what would happen to the Lord on the cross.
His lips were parched. His garments were won by wager. People shook their heads and said that Christ should trust in God to deliver him. All these words (and more) are found both in the account of Christ on the cross as well as in Psalm 22.
Then we are told later in Matthew 27 that the people thought he was calling for Elijah (Elias). They said to leave Christ alone and let Elijah come to His aid.
Psalm 22 ends with a glorious proclamation by David. Sure many horrible things had happened to him, but he was confident in God that all would be made right. He knew that God was the Victor. God would overcome the enemy.
25 My praise shall be of thee in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear him.
26 The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever.
27 All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the LORD: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee.
28 For the kingdom is the LORD’S: and he is the governor among the nations.
29 All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.
30 A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the LORD for a generation.
31 They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done this.
Summary of the Book of 2 Kings
This is the second part of the book of Kings. Originally this book and the preceding book were combined into one longer book in the Hebrew Bible. The same thing happened with the books of Samuel and Chronicles (immediately before and after the books of Kings).
Second Kings covers about 270 years of history. This includes the reign of Ahaziah (son of King Ahab) to the Babylonian captivity and a bit beyond. The book covers about 26 years into the captivity (2 Kings 25:27).
It is not certain who author of the book was, but tradition says that Jeremiah the prophet wrote the book.
This book ends with the Babylonian captivity (plus a few years). Its contents end around 586 BC. The book was probably written some time between 586 and 540 BC if Jeremiah was the author. Jeremiah also wrote the book bearing his name about the same time.
Purpose of 2 Kings
Like the other books of history, this book seems to be more historical in nature as opposed to trying to drive home a certain lesson. It traces the history of Israel from the divided kingdom after the death of Ahab until the Assyrian captivity of Israel and the Babylonian captivity of Judah.
In the first and second books of Kings, the reader can see the progression of Israel from its glory to its downfall. The history of the wickedness of the kings and the nation show the decline and captivity of the great and mighty nation of Israel. When Israel began to abandon the God of heaven and chose to worship other gods and ideologies the nation declined in spirituality. Their sin resulted in punishment by slavery like they escaped in Egypt. Continue reading Bible Study: 2 Kings – Summary of the Book
Summary of the Book of 1 Kings
The books of first and second Kings were originally one book in the Hebrew Bible, but were later divided into two books: just like the books of Samuel and Chronicles.
First Kings covers about 126 years of Israel’s history. This includes the death of David to the death of Jehoshaphat, or about 960 to 834 BC. This is the period of history in Israel from its greatest glory to its division into two kingdoms which eventually led to the Assyrian and Babylonian captivities by the end of the second book of Kings.
The author of the book is unknown but tradition says that it was Jeremiah the prophet. Jeremiah wrote another book bearing his name.
The end of the second book of Kings covers the Babylonian captivity and a few years beyond. Its contents end about 586 BC. The book is suspected to have been written sometime between 586 and 540 BC. The book of Jeremiah was written about the same time covering the previous 40 years from 626 to 586 BC. Continue reading Bible Study: 1 Kings – Summary of the Book