Bible Study: 2 Chronicles – Summary of the Book

Summary of the Book of 2 Chronicles

Originally the books of 1 and 2 Chronicles were a single book. Like the books of Kings, this is a historical book. The Kings focused on the northern kingdom, Israel, and this book (1 and 2 Chronicles) focuses on the southern kingdom, Judah.

The second of the two books of Chronicles cover the same time period as the two books of Kings. This is a time period of about 424 years, from the time of Solomon’s reign until Cyrus’ decree to rebuild Jerusalem. Approximately from 960 to 536 BC.

Author of 2 Chronicles

The author of 2 Chronicles is the same as 1 Chronicles:

The book does not claim an author, but tradition says that the author was Ezra. Ezra was a priest in the southern kingdom who lived in Jerusalem (Ezra 7:11). The books of Chronicles focus on temple worship, priests and Levites. This fits with the fact that Ezra was a priest. The writing style is very similar to Ezra, who wrote the book bearing his name. The two books of Chronicles are historical books which go up to the time period of the book of Ezra. The book of Ezra reads like a continuation of the book of 2 Chronicles.

Date Written

The author, probably Ezra, wrote it after the Jews had returned to the land after the Babylonian Captivity (1 Chronicles 3:19; 6:15; 9:1, 2). The book is a guide to those returning from exile to know how to worship in the Temple of Jerusalem. It was written between 450 and 425 BC and covers approximately 424 years. Continue reading Bible Study: 2 Chronicles – Summary of the Book

Bible Study: 2 Kings – Summary of the Book

Summary of the Book of 2 Kings

This is the second part of the book of Kings. Originally this book and the preceding book were combined into one longer book in the Hebrew Bible. The same thing happened with the books of Samuel and Chronicles (immediately before and after the books of Kings).

Second Kings covers about 270 years of history. This includes the reign of Ahaziah (son of King Ahab) to the Babylonian captivity and a bit beyond. The book covers about 26 years into the captivity (2 Kings 25:27).

Author

It is not certain who author of the book was, but tradition says that Jeremiah the prophet wrote the book.

Date Written

This book ends with the Babylonian captivity (plus a few years). Its contents end around 586 BC. The book was probably written some time between 586 and 540 BC if Jeremiah was the author. Jeremiah also wrote the book bearing his name about the same time.

Purpose of 2 Kings

Like the other books of history, this book seems to be more historical in nature as opposed to trying to drive home a certain lesson. It traces the history of Israel from the divided kingdom after the death of Ahab until the Assyrian captivity of Israel and the Babylonian captivity of Judah.

In the first and second books of Kings, the reader can see the progression of Israel from its glory to its downfall. The history of the wickedness of the kings and the nation show the decline and captivity of the great and mighty nation of Israel. When Israel began to abandon the God of heaven and chose to worship other gods and ideologies the nation declined in spirituality. Their sin resulted in punishment by slavery like they escaped in Egypt. Continue reading Bible Study: 2 Kings – Summary of the Book